American International Journal of Sciences and Engineering Research <p><strong>Aims and Scope</strong></p> <p>American International Journal of Sciences and Engineering Research is a peer-reviewed international scientific and open access journal published by the American Center of Science and Education. The journal accepts article submissions by e-mail (<a href=""></a>). The subject areas include, but are not limited to the following fields:-</p> <ul> <li>Fisheries Science, Aquaculture;</li> <li>Aquatic environmental monitoring, investigation, and assessment;</li> <li>Aquatic pollution and remediation; </li> <li>Oceanography, Limnology, Aquatic biology; </li> <li>Aquatic chemistry, Aquatic ecology; </li> <li>Aquatic toxicology, Hydrology, Geology; </li> <li>Dynamics of aquatic ecosystems; </li> <li>Water treatment, Ocean engineering, Hydraulic engineering; </li> <li>Environmental economics and management;</li> <li>Conservation and utilization of aquatic resources</li> <li>Technical, non-technical, strategic, operational, and managerial topics of the civil aviation sectors.</li> <li>Climate change</li> <li>Ecology and sustainable development</li> <li>Waste and water management</li> <li>Renewable and sustainable energy</li> <li>Environmental technologies</li> <li>Green construction and sustainable development</li> <li>Sustainable land development</li> <li>Environmental economics and policy</li> <li>Urban planning and development</li> <li>Social sciences and humanities</li> <li>Social impact assessment</li> <li>Sustainable agricultural systems</li> <li>Environmental physics,</li> <li>environmental chemistry,</li> <li>environmental economics,</li> <li>environmental management,</li> <li>environmental engineering &amp; technology,</li> <li>environmental health, ecological and environmental protection</li> <li>air and water pollution, solid waste, noise, recycling, natural resources, climate change, biodiversity, and so on.</li> <li>Agriculture &amp; Manufacturing</li> <li>Food processing</li> <li>Foodservice &amp; Regulation</li> <li>Labor and education on food production</li> <li>Marketing, Wholesale and distribution</li> <li>Research &amp; Development of food technology</li> <li>Financial Services in the modern food industry </li> <li>Food policy matters, food quality, food nutrition, food safety, etc.</li> <li>It also publishes papers concerning obesity research, food processing and control technologies, food chemistry</li> <li>Theories and methods of safety science, engineering, and technology</li> <li>Safety management, monitoring and supervision, and occupational health</li> <li>Safety assessment and risk analysis</li> <li>Safety economics</li> <li>Safety psychology and education</li> <li>Fire and blast safety and smoke control</li> <li>Safety in the coal mine, Machinery, and civil engineering</li> <li>Drug, healthcare, and patient safety</li> <li>Food safety</li> <li>Construction and environment safety</li> <li>Traffic and transportation safety</li> <li>Chemical health and safety of hazardous materials</li> <li>Synchronization Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Security Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>QoS Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Ad-Hoc and Sensor Network Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Content Delivery Networks Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>P2P Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Cluster-Based Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Real-Time Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Wireless Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>MAC Protocols and Algorithms for Wired Networks</li> <li>Mobile wireless internet protocols and algorithms</li> <li>Delay-Tolerant protocols and algorithms</li> <li>Mesh network protocols and algorithms</li> <li>Protocols and algorithms for Voice over IP delivery</li> <li>Cognitive Radio Network Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Monitoring and management protocols and algorithms</li> <li>Optical networking protocols and algorithms</li> <li>Scalable Network Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Protocols and algorithms for Green Computing and Resource Allocation</li> <li>Power Efficient and Energy Saving Network Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Routing Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Tree-based Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Distributed/Decentralized Algorithms for Networks</li> <li>Fault-tolerant Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Protocols and algorithms for Mobile and Dynamic Networks</li> <li>Cross-Layer Collaborative Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Formal methods and cryptographic algorithms for communication</li> <li>Multimedia Network Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Network Protocols and Algorithms for Context-Aware and Semantic Networks</li> <li>Localized Network Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Transport Layer Protocols</li> <li>Smart grid Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Network Protocols Simulation Techniques</li> <li>Protocols and Algorithms for Mobile and Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks</li> <li>Cloud Computing Network Protocols and Algorithms</li> <li>Artificial Intelligence algorithms applied to Network Protocols</li> <li>Protocols and algorithms for IPTV delivery</li> </ul> American Center of Science and Education en-US American International Journal of Sciences and Engineering Research 2641-0303 ANALYSING THE BEST QUALITY PARAMETER OF DIE-CASTING PRODUCTS <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Die casting has revolutionized manufacturing technology by facilitating mass production while maintaining dimensional accuracy, stability, and strength. It has a broad array of applications in the automotive, lighting, industrial, and domestic sectors. The design parameters have a substantial impact on the quality of die castings. As a response, the aim of this research is set to look into the design characteristics of a hot chamber die-casting. The analysis was carried out using a hot chamber injection molding machine and ZAMAK 5 (Zinc: 96%, Al: 3.5%, and Cu: 0.5%) as the material. To determine the optimal quality parameters for a hot chamber die casting method, the injection speed, chilled water temperature, and cooling time were varied. The injection speeds were set to 4 ms-1, 5 ms-1, and 5 ms-1, respectively, while the chiller temperatures were set at 13°C, and 18°C. In addition, cooling times of 0.8s, 1.2s, 1.6s, and 2s were also recorded. The production analysis was further investigated for casting weights of 40g, 60g, 80g, and 100g. The cooling time was set to 2 seconds, 1.6 seconds, 1.2 seconds, and 0.8 seconds. Following the collection of data, we discovered and examined the most successful and cost-effective parameters for mass production, which offer promises for the industries.&nbsp;</em></p> <p><strong>JEL Classification Codes: </strong>L67, O32, O33.</p> Md. Shawkut Ali Khan Md. Iftakharul Muhib Copyright (c) 2022 Md. Shawkut Ali Khan , Md. Iftakharul Muhib 2022-09-03 2022-09-03 5 1 1 7 10.46545/aijser.v5i1.255 A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MULTISTORIED BUILDING USING THE BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING (BIM) METHOD & CONVENTIONAL MODELING METHOD <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Although the construction industry has been evolving for centuries and researchers have been seeking innovative solutions for decades, diverse challenges still exist in making the construction process faster, safer, cheaper, and more accurate. Building Information Modelling (BIM) is one of the emerging tools in the field of architectural engineering to overcome these problems. Applications of this tool are very promising but its uses are still relatively limited in many countries including Bangladesh. So this study conducted a pilot project and case study analysis using Building Information Modeling (BIM) to control the project’s time and cost from Bangladesh's perspective. The objectives of this study are: (1) to examine the benefits of using BIM for project time and cost control and (2) to study the challenges of applying BIM to a case project during its life cycle. This project is being achieved by introducing Autodesk Revit MEP (2021) as the methodological tool of BIM software. The resultant data in the BIM system are extremely useful and can be generated to optimize the project delivery processes. The results also revealed that using a case study, BIM functions to help reduce costs, optimise the schedule, and make benefits for all project participants. Thus, model-based cost estimation and time schedule optimization show effective results of using BIM instead of conventional modelling methods.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>JEL Classification Codes: </strong>C60, L74, R20, R30</p> Md. Shawkut Ali Khan Md. Iftakharul Muhib Copyright (c) 2022 Md. Shawkut Ali Khan , Md. Iftakharul Muhib 2022-10-03 2022-10-03 5 1 8 15 10.46545/aijser.v5i1.258 AN OVERVIEW OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL THREATS FROM THE BRICK KILN INDUSTRY AROUND THE CAPITAL OF BANGLADESH <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Bangladesh is one of the top brick manufacturing countries in the globe. With rapid urbanization and industrialization, the brick manufacturing industry is elevating to its peak level day by day and contributing to the country’s GDP significantly. This research aims to investigate the current environmental and health threat coming from brick kilns around the capital of Bangladesh. The selected areas are Savar, Tongi, Amin Bazar and Ashulia. The methodology followed in this study was field surveying in the selected areas and information acquisitions from the secondary data.&nbsp; Results from this study revealed that brick kilns are highly responsible for environmental pollution that subsequently deteriorates the air quality, causes land degradation, threatens biodiversity and poses a potential impact on human health. Results also revealed that there are mainly four types of brick kilns found in selected areas e.g. Chimney Kiln (CK), Zigzag kiln (ZK), Hoffman Kiln (HK) and Hybrid Hoffman Kiln (HHK). Of these, the Fixed Chimney Kiln is found to be very obsolete at present days and creates environmental pollution at different levels. Besides these, strict implementation of the Brick Manufacturing and Brick Kilns Establishment (Control) Act, 2013 in the studied locations is still far away. This paper urges the attention of the policymakers as well as the researchers to prioritize the solution to this promising but ever-increasing pollution-causing industry of Bangladesh in sustainable ways. </em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>JEL Classification Codes: </strong>Q53, Q54, Q58, R11.</p> Md. Iftakharul Muhib Md. Shawkut Ali Khan Copyright (c) 2022 Admin Admin 2022-10-03 2022-10-03 5 1 16 22 10.46545/aijser.v5i1.259 THERMOELECTRIC POWER GENERAION FROM WASTE HEAT OF GAS STOVE BY USING THE THERMOELECTRIC GENERATOR <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>The objective of this research is set to produce energy by utilizing the unused heat of gas stove through thermoelectric generator. Currently, an increasing concern of environmental issues of emissions like greenhouse effects and the scarcity of fossil fuel has resulted in extensive research into the alternative ways of generating electrical power. Thermoelectric power generator has been considering as one of the promising alternatives due to its advantages. The application of this alternative option in converting waste-heat energy directly into electrical power that may also enhance the overall efficiencies of energy conversion systems. In this study, a gas burner was set to generate electricity that will produce waste heat. One thermoelectric unit is installed underneath the burner cap of the gas burner. Gas flame at the edge of the burner cap creates heat sources (hot side) for the thermoelectric unit.&nbsp; A gas-mixing chamber underneath the thermoelectric unit functions as heat sink (cold side) for the thermoelectric unit. An insulation plate is inserted in between the thermoelectric unit and the burner cap to control the hot side temperature. The thermoelectric unit generates electricity while the gas burner is in use and the flame heats up the burner cap. The thermoelectric unit connects to an electric circuit and provides electricity to power devices.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>JEL Classification Codes: </strong>Q41, Q42, Q43, Q56.</p> Md. Shawkut Ali Khan Md. Iftakharul Muhib Mahdee Nafis Copyright (c) 2022 Md. Shawkut Ali Khan , Md. Iftakharul Muhib , Mahdee Nafis 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 5 1 23 30 10.46545/aijser.v5i1.276 SIMULATING THE DRAG REDUCTION MODEL FOR A VEHICLE BY USING VORTEX GENERATOR <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Petroleum fuel consign has been lessening at a very high proportion. Almost all automobiles depend upon an IC engine driven by petroleum fuels. As much as the number of automobiles is developing in this modern world, it is obligated to reduce fuel expenditure. One of the ways to do this is to diminish the car's drag. Among a manifold process of reducing drag, using Vortex Generators is one. Delta-shaped vortex generators are used at the rear trunk of the range rover, where the flow separates. K-epsilon turbulent model in ANSYS-Fluent 19.2 software is used to imitate the airflows. This work observed the number and spacing between successive vortex generators based on comparing drag coefficient values. The contours of static pressure and velocity magnitude were also observed for each model. When the vortex generators were attached, the pressure coefficients at the rear trunk began to increase, confirming the increment in back pressure. Hence, the increase in back pressure indicates a reduction in the drag coefficient. It has been found that a combination of 7 vortex generators is the optimum solution. The devices work better at a higher velocity than the lower velocity without affecting vehicle stability. The vortex - 4 model's drag coefficient was found to be significantly lower than that of the standard model vehicle, which is 0.42877. The Base Model of Range Rover (2020) is my sense of humor, the highest drag coefficient. So vortex generators are commonly used on automobile vehicles to prevent downstream flow separation and improve their overall performance by reducing drag.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>JEL Classification Codes: </strong>C61, R41, Q51.</p> Md. Shawkut Ali Khan Md. Shamim Rayhan Md. Iftakharul Muhib Copyright (c) 2022 Md. Shawkut Ali Khan , Md. Shamim Rayhan , Md. Iftakharul Muhib 2022-12-30 2022-12-30 5 1 31 45 10.46545/aijser.v5i1.292