Road Traffic Accident in Ethiopia from 2007/08-2017/18

(Since Ethiopia Millennium)

  • Debela Deme Lecturer,University of Gondar, Department of Civil Engineering, Chair of Highway Engineering, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Keywords: Accident Severity Values, Motorized Vehicle, Growth Rate, Road Network Coverage, Road Traffic Accident, Traffic Accident Cost.


Traffic accident increased periodically in alarming rate and it was a serious problem throughout the globe particularly in developing countries like Ethiopia. This research concerns on Analyzing Road Traffic Accident in Ethiopia from 2007/08-2017/18. The main objective of the study was to investigate the growth rate of road traffic accident, road network coverage and motorized vehicle, and relationship between them in the past elven (11) year. In order to address the required objective the study use secondary data collected from Ethiopia federal police commission, Ethiopia road authority and Ethiopia federal transport authority. Basically, descriptive and inferential statistical analysis approach was used to analyze the data. The finding of the study revealed that; in the past eleven year more than 291577 Road traffic accident, 912956km road network and 681000 motorized vehicles were developed. Due to Road traffic accident Ethiopia loses around 36.3 billion birr (estimated 1.3 billion $ in current exchange rate of 28 birr for 1$) in the past eleven (11) year in Ethiopia. In average annually Ethiopia loses around 0.9% of budget due to traffic accident in the past eleven year. Average annual growth rate of road traffic accident, road network development and motorized vehicle were 9.16%, 10.81% and 13.34% respectively. In Ethiopia in the past eleven (11) years more than 276491 road traffic accidents, 912956km road network and 681000 number of motorized vehicle were newly introduced since 2007/08 in the study period. The variation on road traffic accident, road network coverage in km and motorized vehicle between commencement of study period (2007/08) or Ethiopia millennium (2000E.C) with end of the study period (2017/18) were estimated around 25914, 82414 and 563003 respectively. Finally, the study intend that road traffic accident had no direct or indirect relation with growth of motorized vehicle and road network coverage in Ethiopia. To curb the problem faced due to road traffic accident the government and other stakeholder must careful the issues to minimize road traffic accidents in Ethiopia.


Download data is not yet available.


Akloweg Y, Hayshi Y, Kato H. " The effect of used cars on African road traffic accidents: A case study of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia." International Journal of Urban Sciences 15, no. 1 (2011): 61-69.

Bhat and et. al. "Accident Prediction Modelling for an Urban Road of Bangalore." IJRET: International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 2013: 137.

Commission for Global Road Safety. Road kills: The toll of traffic is rising in poor countries. 2005. (accessed March 27, 2019).

Eckersley, W Salman R and Gebru M. "Khat, driver impairment and road traffic injuries." A view for Ethiopia, 2010: 235-236.

Ethiopia Federal Transport Authority. Number of Motorized Vehicle in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: The Reporter Ethiopia English, 2018.

Ethiopian Road Authority (ERA). How Safe are Ethiopian Roads? Addis Ababa: Ministry of Infrastructure, 2005.

Giles L, Hayes E, and Rosenberg M. "Road Traffic Injuries:." A Global Epidemic, 2011.

Jeffrey S, Stone DH, Blamey A, Clark D, Cooper C, Dickson K, et al. "An evaluation of police reporting of road casualties. ." Injury Prevention, 2009: 15.

Kamal and Accidents black spots on highways and their low cost remedial measures. University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan, 2008.

Peden M, Scurfield R, Sleet D, Mohan D, Hyder AA, Jarawan E, et al. World report on road . Geneva: World Health Organization, 2004.

Persson A. "Road traffic accidents in Ethiopia: Magnitude, causes and possible interventions." 2008, 15.

Sonowal, Ajit Goswami* and Ripunjoy. "A Statistical Analysis of Road Traffic Accidents." Dibrugarh city, Assam, India, 2009, 1-2.

Teferi Abagaz, Samson Gebremedhin. "Magnitude of road traffic accident related injuries and fatalities in Ethiopia." August 1, 2018.

The Economist. "Road deaths in Africa Worse than malaria." 10, 24, 2015.

United Nations (UN). "Economic comission for Africa case study: Road safety in Ethiopia. ." 2009. (accessed March 22, 2019).

World Bank. "Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020." 2011.

World Health Organization (WHO). "Brochure for World Health Day." WHO, 2004.

World Health Organization (WHO). Global status report on road safety: Time for action. Geneva: WHO, 2009.

How to Cite
Deme, D. (2019). Road Traffic Accident in Ethiopia from 2007/08-2017/18. American International Journal of Sciences and Engineering Research, 2(2), 49-59.
Research Articles