American International Journal of Supply Chain Management https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijscm American Center of Science and Education en-US American International Journal of Supply Chain Management 2693-9398 Commercial Banks Credit and the Performance of Real Sector in Nigeria: 1990-2017 https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijscm/article/view/209 <p>The study examined the arguments and counterarguments within the scientific discussion on commercial banks credit and the performance of real sector in Nigeria. The main objective of the study is to examine the effect of commercial banks credit on the performance of the real sector in Nigeria.Data was sourced from Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin. A systematization literary approach for data analysis was Regression Analysis. Findings revealed that bank credit and bank lending rate does not have significant impact on real sector performance in Nigeria. It was showed that there was a positive and significant relationship between agricultural credit guarantee scheme fund and agricultural production in Nigeria. The study therefore recommends that banks should be directed to channel their credits towards the real sector to facilitate overall economic growth and development in Nigeria. It was recommended that there is the need policies that will favor the revamp of the agricultural sector in Nigeria should be given pride of place. Also, monetary authority through the Central Bank of Nigeria should create adequate policies and strategies towards deepening of the financial sector and reducing the cost of credit/loans so as to enhance productivity and consequently enhance the growth of the key sectors of economy such as manufacturing sector.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Idih Ogwu Emmanual Oluwagbemigun Olupeeka Adewole Joseph Adeyinka ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-08-10 2020-08-10 1 1 1 15 Salaries and Wages Management: An Instrumental Tool for Effective Development of Civil Servants’ Performance in Cross River State, Nigeria https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijscm/article/view/215 <p>The tremendous delayed in the payment of salaries and wages to civil servants in Cross River State is an imperative challenge crushing and knocking down the corporate as well as workers’ performance of ministries, institutions and agencies in the system. Salaries and wages structure are always established haphazardly and arbitrarily. This results in salaries and wages inequities, which are the most dangerous sources of friction, conflict and low morale in organizations. It has also created negative attitudes of workers towards their jobs and responsibilities in organizations. This study adopted survey research design. The population 1206 which consist of the various workers of the Cross River State Civil Service Commission that cut across ministries, agencies, institutions and other parastatals. Simple random sampling technique was applied through the use of Taro Yamane formula in determining the sample size of 234 respondents. Primary data was collected through the use of a structured questionnaire using 4 points Likert scale of strongly agreed (4), agreed (3), and disagreed (2), strongly disagreed (1).&nbsp; The data analysis technique used for the study was linear regression model, including ordinary least square and analysis of variance (ANOVA) through SPSS version 20, to test the hypotheses. The study revealed that salaries and wages management significantly influence the development of organizational performance of the Cross River State ministries, agencies and institutions. Early payments of salaries and wages have a significant influence on organizational performance in the state. The amount of salaries and wages paid also has a significant effect on workers’ involvement, loyalty and commitment of the state.&nbsp; Salaries and wages structure also have a significant influence on organizational job satisfaction of the state. Salaries and wages management also contributes to workers’ motivation and morale in the state. The study recommended that management as well as administrators of the various ministries and institutions should ensure that their workers are financially satisfied at when due in their payment of wages and salaries, if they are to be motivated, committed and loyal, satisfied on the job performance and productivity.&nbsp; This is because financially satisfied workers will be more motivated, productive, engaged and emotionally attached to the organizational jobs.</p> Augustine Augustine Ele Lawrence Linus Makama Anono Vitien Auquasama ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-08-20 2020-08-20 1 1 16 29 Implementing Management Planning Functions and Organizational Performance: A Critique In The Face Of Cross River State Water Board Limited, Calabar, Nigeria https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijscm/article/view/216 <p>With the rapid expansion of non-implementation of management planning functions, there is a drastic reduction/dawn fall in the performance of the Cross River State Water Board Limited Calabar (CRSWBL).The adequate and regular supply of water in Calabar by Cross River State Water Board Limited, has been disdain or neglected in the planning functions and control of the organization by government as well as the management of the board. The imperative implication of inadequate and irregular supply of water in Calabar Metropolis by CRSWBL is no doubt a recurring issued in the life of Cross Riverians and other occupants in the state capital. This study principally focused on implementing management planning functions and organizational performance of the Cross River State Water Board Limited Calabar. The study employed a theoretical based approached supported with secondary data sourced from text books, journals and internet materials. The study revealed that planning functions has a significant relationship with the organizational performance of CRSWBL Calabar. The study also revealed that there is a significant relationship between organizing function and the quality of water supply by the organization. It also indicated that there is a positive relationship between controlling function and the quantity of water supply by the organization. Based on the findings, the study recommended that government and management of the organization should ensure proper and adequate implementation of predetermine goals, objectives as well as plans setting, in order to enhance steady performance of the firm. The management should also ensure that the structure of the organization needs to be well designed in order to allow a free flow of communication system among workers and management of the enterprise.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> Augustine Augustine Ele Nsor John Okongo Patricia Ettah Omini ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-08-21 2020-08-21 1 1 30 41 Twofold Approach to Workers’ Commitment https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijscm/article/view/217 <p>Debate on what drives workers’ commitment has remained unabated, multidimensional, and geographically spread but contextual intelligence shown that poor morale could be the hindrance. The paper argued from job-engagement and job-fit perspectives to workers’ commitment. The cross-sectional survey research design was adopted and data were gathered from 377 regular non-academic staff from six selected private universities in Ogun State, Nigeria through a multi-stage random sampling technique. The reliability and validity test were conducted on the adapted questionnaire before it was administered. The result from stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that job-engagement and job-fit dimensions had positive significant combined effect on workers’ commitment (R = 0.819, F(5, 371) = 151,184, Adj. R<sup>2</sup> = 0.666, p &lt; 0.05). It recommended that management should ensure that the job-holder’s capabilities match the job-demands by assessing the competencies of those whose jobs are to be enriched to drive workers’ commitment.</p> Jones Emakpor Umukoro Johnson A. Egwakhe ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-08-21 2020-08-21 1 1 42 52 Strategic Approaches to Social Freedom in Nigeria: Exploring Freire’s Pedagogy of the Oppressed https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijscm/article/view/218 <p>The study interrogated Freire’s Pedagogy of the Oppressed as a solution to social injustice in Nigeria. The purpose of adopting the work of this great Philosopher is to examine critically and analyse how the Brazilians were able to solve social injustices in their country. The study employed analytic and prescriptive techniques in philosophy to handle issues that aroused in the cause of this study so as to avoid ambiguity. The paper revealed that individual’s role in achieving social freedom and community development through critical discussion, critical reflection, and unity/love critical action is very important. The study concluded that education that develops social consciousness in individuals should be encouraged in order to solve the problem of class distinction, inequality and social injustice in regards to holistic development of Nigeria as a community. It recommended that there should be means of mass sensitisation which includes all educational outlets, media houses, Non-Governmental Oganisations (NGOs) and Philanthropists Sponsored Programmes (PSPs). Trade Unions (TUs), professional bodies, political parties, religious organisations and traditional institutions are to sensitise their members on the need for active participation and contribution to governance.</p> David Tolo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2020-08-21 2020-08-21 1 1 53 61