Self-Image as Predictor of Stigma Consciousness among Physically Challenged Students in Tertiary Institutions in Oyo State, Nigeria
The study investigated the levels of stigma consciousness among physically challenged students in tertiary institutions in Oyo State. It ascertained the effect of stigma consciousness on the academic performance of physically challenged students. Also, the study determined the relative influence of self-image on stigma consciousness of physically students. Furthermore, it examined the influence of self-image on stigma consciousness of physically challenged students. These were with a view to providing information on the factors that could influence stigma consciousness of the physically challenged students. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population for the study comprised physically challenged students in tertiary institutions in Oyo State. Three institutions (University of Ibadan, The Polytechnic Ibadan and Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo) were purposively selected within Oyo State because they have the physically challenged students. A sample size of 120 physically challenged students were selected from the institutions using proportionate random sampling technique. One adapted instrument with two scales was used to collect data from the students. The scales were “Stigma Consciousness Scale (SCS) and Self-Image Questionnaire (SIQ). Data collected were analysed using percentage, frequency counts, one-way ANOVA and multiple regressions. The results of the study showed that 4.8%, 88.6%, 6.7% of tertiary institutions in Oyo State demonstrated low, moderate and high levels of stigma consciousness respectively. The results showed that there was no significant effect of stigma consciousness on the academic performance of the physically challenged students (F (2.102) =0.059, p=0.943). It was also discovered that there was a significant positive influence of self-image on stigma consciousness of physically challenged students (N=105, t= 0.198, p< 0.05). Finally, the results showed that the self-image (β =0.019, F=1.98, p<0.05) contributed significantly in influencing stigma consciousness with coefficient of multiple regression (R2) of 0.164 at p < 0.05. It was concluded that self-image could influence stigma consciousness among physically challenged students in tertiary institutions.
Adesokan, Z. A. (2003). Educational needs of the handicapped: A musical perspective. In investigation of overweight and obese adults. Obesity, 14, 1802-1815. doi:10.1038/oby.2006.208
Brown, R. P., & Pinel, E. C. (2003). Stigma on my mind: Individual differences in the experience of stereotype threat. Journal of experimental social psychology, 39(6), 626- 633. doi:10.1016/S0022-1031(03)00039-8
Drew PY, Watkins D 1998. Affective variables, learning approaches and academic achievement: A casual modelling investigation with Hong Kong tertiary students. British journal of educational psychology, 68: 173-188.
Demidenko N., Tasca G., Kennedy N., Bissada H. (2010). The mediating role of self-concept among women with an eating disorder. Journal of social & clinical psychology in the relationship between attachment, insecurity and identity differentiation, 29(10), 1131-1152. Google Scholar
Gerrig R. J., Zimbardo P. G. (2002). Glossary of psychological terms (psychology and life). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. Google Scholar
Lawal-Solarin, E. O. (2012). A Survey of library and information services to physically-challenged students in academic libraries in Ogun State, Nigeria. Library philosophy and practice.
Lawal-Solarin, E.O. (2010).Nigerian Tribune.Tuesday, February 22, 2011 p.16.
Martin G. L., Osborne J. G. (1992). Psychology, adjustment, and everyday living (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Google scholar
Martin G. N., Carlson N. R., Buskist W. (2007). Psychology (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Allyn & Bacon. Google scholar
McGraw C. L. (2008). Ethnic and minority parenting. Handbook of parenting, 4, 1-20. Google scholar
McLead J. (2008). Aspiration and attainment in a low-income neighborhood. Boulder, CO: Westview. Google scholar mental load. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(6), 721-731.
McCoach D.B. (2002). A validation study of the school attitude assessment survey. measurement and evaluation in counselling and development, 35: 66-77.
McCoach DB, Siegle D. (2003). The structure and function of academic self-concept in gifted and general education students. Roeper Review, 25(2): 61-65.
Pinel, E. C. (1999). Stigma consciousness. Journal of Personality and social psychology, 76(1), 114-128. doi:10.1037/0022-35184.108.40.206
Pinel, E. C. (1999). Stigma consciousness: The psychological legacy of social stereotypes. Journal of personality and social psychology, 76(1), 114-128. doi: 10.1037/0022-35220.127.116.11
Santrock J. (2009). Adolescence (13th ed.) Columbus, OH: McGraw-Hill. Google Scholar
Wikipedia (2010). Stigma consciousness and prejudice ambiguity: Can it be adaptive to perceive the world as biased? Personality and Individual differences, 53(3), 241-245. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2012.03.021
Wilton Z. N., Sanchez A. D., & Garcia, (2013). Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans. Journal of personality and social psychology 69(5), 797-811. doi: 10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1687
Copyright (c) 2020 Somotan Oluwayomi Abdulmojeed,Atoyebi Adeola Olusegun
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.