American International Journal of Agricultural Studies https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas <p><strong>AIMS &amp; SCOPE</strong></p> <p><strong>American International Journal of Agricultural Studies (aijas)</strong> is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal, published by the American Center of Science and Education. The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free access and download.</p> <p>The subject areas include, but are not limited to the following fields:</p> <ul> <li>Agricultural Economics &amp; Resource Management</li> <li>Agricultural</li> <li>Agriculture &amp; Ecology</li> <li>Animal Agriculture &amp; Science</li> <li>Aquacultural Science</li> <li>Biorenewable Resources</li> <li>Crops</li> <li>Ecology</li> <li>Forestry</li> <li>General &amp; Introductory Agriculture,</li> <li>Horticulture</li> <li>Pests</li> <li>Diseases &amp; Weeds</li> <li>Soil</li> <li>Tropical Agriculture</li> </ul> <p><em>AIJAS</em> currently has an acceptance rate of 45%. The average time between submission and final decision is 20 days and the average time between acceptance and publication is 10 days.</p> <p><em>AIJA</em>S welcomes high-quality original research papers, survey papers, review papers, tutorials, technical notes as well as discussion papers.</p> <p style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-word;"><em><strong>** The journal has been indexed by <a href="https://publons.com/researcher/4629387/american-international-journal-of-agricultural-stu/">Clarivate Analytics-Publon</a></strong></em></p> <p style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-word;"><em><strong><strong class="large">***Web of Science ResearcherID: <a class="very-dark-gray-link" href="https://publons.com/researcher/AAW-3871-2021">AAW-3871-2021</a></strong></strong></em></p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000;"><em><strong><span style="color: red;"> To support this open access journal, we have an honorary charge of 100 USD for the publication of an accepted manuscript. </span></strong></em></span></p> en-US <p><strong>1. Proposal of Policy for Free Access Periodic</strong></p> <p>Authors who publish in this journal should agree to the following terms:</p> <p>a. Authors should keep the copyrights and grant the journal the right of the first publication, with the work simultaneously permitted under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a> that allows the sharing of the work with recognition of the authorship of the work and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>b. Authors should have authorization for assuming additional contracts separately, for the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g., to publish in an institutional repository or as a book chapter), with recognition of authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>c. Authors should have permission and should be stimulated to publish and to distribute its work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or its personal page) to any point before or during the publishing process, since this can generate productive alterations, as well as increasing the impact and the citation of the published work (See The Effect of Free Access).</p> <p><strong>2. Proposal of Policy for Periodic that offer Postponed Free Access</strong></p> <p>Authors who publish in this journal should agree to the following terms:</p> <p>a. Authors should keep the copyrights and grant to the journal the right of the first publication, with the work simultaneously permitted under the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a> [SPECIFY TIME HERE] after the publication, allowing the sharing of the work with recognition of the authorship of the work and initial publication in this journal. </p> <p>b. Authors should have authorization for assuming additional contracts separately, for the non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g., to publish in an institutional repository or as a book chapter), with recognition of authorship and initial publication in this journal. </p> <p>c. Authors should have permission and should be stimulated to publish and to distribute its work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or its personal page) to any point before or during the publishing process, since this can generate productive alterations, as well as increasing the impact and the citation of the published work (See The Effect of Free Access).</p> <p>d. They allow some open dissemination. Authors can disseminate their articles in open access, but with specific conditions imposed by the editor that are related to:<br /> A version of the article that can be deposited in the repository:<br /> Pre-print: before being reviewed by pairs.<br /> Post-print: once reviewed by pairs, which can be:<br /> The version of the author has been accepted for publication.<br /> The editor's version, that is, the article published in the journal.<br /> At which point the article can be made accessible in an open manner: before it is published in the journal, immediately afterward, or if a period of seizure is required, which can range from six months to several years.<br /> Where to leave open: on the author's personal web page, only departmental websites, the institution's repository, the file of the research funding agency, among others.</p> aijas@acseusa.org (Richard Williams) aijas.acseusa@gmail.com (Technical Support) Tue, 07 Sep 2021 14:40:08 +0000 OJS 3.3.0.7 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 RESPONSE OF CHINA ASTER (CALLISTEPHUS CHINENSIS L.) GENOTYPES TOWARDS FOLIAR APPLICATION OF GA3 https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/197 <p><em>China Aster is one of the most popular flower that are used in ornamental garden.</em><em> The demand for cut flowers of China aster is increasing day by day, but it has not been possible to supply the adequate amount of flowers especially during the festival season. The area under flower production is increasing year after year but farmers are not getting quality seeds in adequate quantity as very few farmers are taking up seed production because flower seeds loose their viability earlier than crop seeds. So, production of adequate quantity of quality seeds is essential to meet the demand. </em><em>The present investigation was undertaken in Horticulture Research Station, Mondouri, B.C.K.V., Mohanpur, Nadia, West Bengal during Rabi season of 2018-19 and 2019-20.&nbsp; Over two consecutive years, six genotypes were evaluated the potentiality of for its growth and flowering, as well as to estimate the influence of GA<sub>3</sub> through foliar application at pre-flowering stage on its seed production. In field three treatments were considered viz. T<sub>1 </sub>(control i.e.no application of GA<sub>3</sub>), T<sub>2 </sub>(GA<sub>3</sub>@50ppm), T<sub>3 </sub>(GA<sub>3</sub>@100ppm). According to the size of flowers, highest was recorded in Local Mix (G<sub>6</sub>). So, it could be considered as the best performer genotype considering flower diameter. Seed yield plant<sup>-1 </sup>was recorded highest in Local White (G<sub>5</sub>), it could be considered as the best performer genotype considering its higher number of flowers plant<sup>-1</sup> and number of seeds flower<sup>-1</sup>. GA<sub>3 </sub>(100 ppm) could be utilized in a better way for greater enhancement in all those important parameters as overall influence of GA<sub>3</sub> has been found to improve seed yield plant<sup>-1 </sup>and all the important attributes. Concomitant consideration of seed yield and its important attributes may indicate to recommend foliar application of 100 ppm GA<sub>3</sub> for enhancement in seed yield in all the genotypes. Similar to the seed yield and its attributes, plant growth and development have been noticed to be positively influenced by GA<sub>3</sub> concentrations with a higher side after 100 ppm, may lead to recommend foliar application of 100 ppm GA<sub>3</sub> for commercial cultivation of this crop irrespective of the genotypes.</em></p> Sudipta Biswas , Sanjoy Kumar Bordolui, Raghunath Sadhukhan Copyright (c) 2021 Sudipta Biswas , Sanjoy Kumar Bordolui, Raghunath Sadhukhan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/197 Tue, 07 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 HYDROPONICS SYSTEM AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO SOIL FARMING OF WATERMELON IN NIGERIA https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/200 <p><em>Watermelon is an important vegetable consumed worldwide. It is mostly grown in a sandy loam soil with a pH value ranging from 6.5 to 7.5. However, due to the constraints in land accessibility coupled to the farmers-herders clashes for limited land resources in Nigeria, it is important to shift the focus from land extensification to intensification farming. This study therefore compares the potential of hydroponics system of cultivating watermelon relative to conventional soil farming system. Three varieties of water melon (Diamond black, Crimson sweet and Travelers watermelon varieties) were planted in 2 substrate conditions (soil and cocopeat) 4 kg each. It was a 3x2 factorial experiment arranged in a completely randomized design with 3 replicates. Data were collected on the agronomic and yield parameters, and analysed using ANOVA, and means were separated using LSD at 5% level of significance. Results obtained showed varied agronomic performances among the genotypes, while the Crimson sweet watermelon produced significantly heavier fruit size (5.38±0.34) compared to the rest genotype. However, the highest number of fruits (2.33±0.22) was obtained in the soil, but the substrate type was insignificant in the average fruit weight. Hence, the hydroponics system is recommended as a complementary alternative to soil farming.</em></p> C. O. Ossai, S. A. Ojobor, S. C. Akpeji, O. E. Oroghe, S. Ogbole Copyright (c) 2021 C. O. Ossai, S. A. Ojobor, S. C. Akpeji, O. E. Oroghe, S. Ogbole https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/200 Wed, 08 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 ENHANCEMENT OF YOUTH INVOLVEMENT IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION ADVISORY SERVICES THROUGH CAPACITY BUILDING: A SOLUTION TO UNEMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/201 <p><em>The unemployment rate in Nigeria and other Sub Saharan African countries keep surging year after year despite the need for human resources in several sectors. Nigeria records a large number of young graduates from tertiary institutions most of whom find it difficult to get white collar jobs. Despite this ongoing, human resource which is needed for economic development remains under exploited. Young people have a sense of responsibility which makes it easy for them to take up opportunities that will lead to individual and societal development. Unemployed youths who have interest in agriculture and the extension system can be recruited into this sector to achieve sustainable agricultural and rural development in these areas. Capacity development is essential in this scenario to absorb these group of people into the agricultural sector, thus, reducing employment rate. Unqualified young persons can carry out the functions or duties of agricultural extension advisory services if their technical and knowledge skills in line with the subject matter is developed. </em></p> Sharon Damilola Samuel Copyright (c) 2021 Sharon Damilola Samuel https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/201 Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000 SPATIAL ANALYSIS OF PADDY RICE PRICE VARIABILITY IN DASS AND TAFAWA BALEWA LGAS OF BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/202 <p><em>The study was conducted on the spatial analysis of paddy rice (Oryza sativa) price variability in Dass and Tafawa Balewa LGAs of Bauchi State, Nigeria. Data were collected using questionnaires administered to 120 respondents sampled through random sampling technique. Secondary data were also collected from BSADP Bauchi on monthly prices of paddy rice. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (mean, frequency, ranking and likert scale), pearson product correlation, T-test and ratio to moving average model. It was revealed that the leading causes of spatial rice price variability were spatial variation in supply, high cost of transportation and inadequate market information. There was existence of price integration or perfect price transmission between and among the urban and rural markets during the period of study. The magnitude of paddy rice price variability in the rural markets were higher,</em><em> and </em><em>the t-test shows that there was a significant (P &lt; 0.05) difference in price of paddy rice between rural and urban markets. Spatial variation in supply, bad road condition, seasonal variation in supply, inadequate contact with extension agents and low capital outlay were the major constraints militating against paddy rice marketing in the study area. Therefore, it is recommended that Rural feeder roads should be constructed by government, NGOs or individuals to enable easy movement of produce&nbsp;&nbsp; as well as all year round production/supply of rice should be encouraged through provision of fund and inputs by relevant stakeholders to farmers for dry season farming in order to curtail the problem of price variation due to seasonality in production</em>.</p> Andarawus Musa Copyright (c) 2021 Andarawus Musa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/202 Wed, 15 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +0000