American International Journal of Agricultural Studies https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas <p><strong>Aims and Scope</strong></p> <p>American International Journal of Agricultural Studies is an international, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal, published by the American Center of Science and Education. The journal is published in both print and online versions. The online version is free to access and download. The journal accepts article submissions by e-mail (<a href="mailto:aijas@acseusa.org">aijas@acseusa.org</a>).</p> <p>The subject areas include, but are not limited to the following fields:</p> <ul> <li>Agricultural Economics &amp; Resource Management</li> <li>Agricultural technology</li> <li>Agricultural product health and safety</li> <li>Agriculture &amp; Ecology</li> <li>Animal Agriculture &amp; Science</li> <li>Animal production: livestock and poultry</li> <li>Aquacultural Science</li> <li>Biorenewable Resources</li> <li>Crop production: grains; legumes; fruits; vegetables; flowers; cotton</li> <li>Ecology</li> <li>Forestry</li> <li>General &amp; Introductory Agriculture</li> <li>Horticulture</li> <li>Pests</li> <li>Diseases &amp; Weeds</li> <li>Soil and water</li> <li>Tropical Agriculture etc.</li> </ul> <p style="text-align: justify; color: #ff0000;"><em><strong>It is important to mention that all the works are showed without any kind of payment. All of them are published free from payments or taxes.</strong></em></p> <p><strong>Features</strong></p> <ul> <li><strong>First Review: </strong><span style="float: none;">The editor or Managing Editor decides whether the article fits within the journal’s aims and scope. Next, a check for the similarity rate is completed using Turnitin. Any manuscripts out of the journal’s scope or having plagiarism, including self-plagiarism, are rejected without peer-reviewed.</span></li> <li><strong>Peer Review:</strong> We use a double-blind system for peer review; both reviewers' and authors’ identities remain anonymous. The paper will be peer-reviewed by three experts; two reviewers from outside and one editor from the journal are typically involved in reviewing a submission. The review process may take 5-6 weeks.</li> <li><strong>DOIs at the Article Level: </strong>Each paper published in American International Journal of Agricultural Studies is assigned a <a href="https://www.doi.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">DOI</a> number, <a href="https://www.doi.org/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Click HERE</a> to know what is DOI (Digital Object Identifier).</li> <li><strong>High Visibility</strong><strong>: </strong>American International Journal of Agricultural Studies is indexed by Google Scholar.</li> <li>American Center of Science and Education takes the responsibility to enforce a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies and standards to ensure adding high-quality scientific works to the field of scholarly publication. Unfortunately, cases of plagiarism, data falsification, inappropriate authorship credit, and the like, do arise. American Center of Science and Education takes such publishing ethics issues very seriously and our editors are trained to proceed in such cases with a zero-tolerance policy. To verify the originality of content submitted to our journals, we use <span style="float: none;">Turnitin</span> to check submissions against previous publications. American Center of Science and Education works with <a style="box-sizing: border-box; background-color: transparent; color: #0f5a9c; cursor: pointer;" title="" href="https://publons.com/about/home/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Publons</a> to provide reviewers with credit for their work.</li> </ul> American Center of Science and Education en-US American International Journal of Agricultural Studies 2641-4155 <p><a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/4.0/88x31.png" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a><br />This work is licensed under a <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> COMPARATIVE NUTRITIONAL STUDY OF FOUR MOST CONSUMED VEGETABLES IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/252 <p><em>The study compared nutritional content of four most consumed vegetables [Gnetum africanum Welw, Hensia crinita (Afzel) G.Taylor, Lasianthera africana P.Beauv and Pterocarpus mildbraedii Harms] in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Standard procedures were followed in these assessments: Proximate composition (carbohydrate, protein, fibre, lipid, ash and moisture), Mineral elements (magnesium – Mg, calcium – Ca, iron – Fe, potassium – K and sodium – Na), vitamin C and chlorophyll (a and b). The study showed varied proximate composition, mineral elements, vitamin C and chlorophyll contents across the vegetables assessed. For proximate composition, the following ranges were recorded: 2.78 – 8.99%, 9.63 – 14.00%, 5.43 – 12.15%, 0.001 – 0.013%, 1.91 – 3.14% and 63.38 – 78.01% for carbohydrate, protein, fibre, lipid, ash and moisture contents, respectively. Among the vegetables, G. africanum recorded the highest value for carbohydrate, fibre, lipid, Fe, vitamin C and chlorophyll b. However, recorded the least value for moisture, ash, Mg and K contents. Secondly, L. africana had highest value for moisture, Ca, K, and Na contents and least value for protein, fibre, lipid, vitamin C, chlorophyll a and b contents. The K content in L. africana was statistically different at p≤0.05 with other vegetables. The study recommends the consumption of these nutritious vegetables based on dietary requirement of individuals.</em></p> <p><strong> JEL Classification Codes:</strong> O13.</p> Josephine Udunma Agogbua Kalu Okonwu Daniel Akaninyene Archibong Festus Austine Ikpowosa Copyright (c) 2022 Josephine Udunma Agogbua , Kalu Okonwu , Daniel Akaninyene Archibong , Festus Austine Ikpowosa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-07 2022-06-07 6 1 1 7 10.46545/aijas.v6i1.252 HYDROPONICS PRODUCTION OF CUCUMBER AS SOIL FARMING ALTERNATIVE IN NIGERIA https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/253 <p><em>The constant farmers-herders clash has predisposed farmers to insecurity in Nigeria thereby making farming in open field difficult. The hydroponics system has gained popularity in the cultivation of vegetable crops around the World. However, in Nigeria, there is dearth of information on hydroponics usage as an alternative to soil farming. Hence, the need to investigate the suitability of producing cucumber in Nigeria using the hydroponics system compared to soil. Seeds of three cucumber varieties were grown in cocopeat substrate and topsoil in a 3 (genotypes) by 2 (substrate) factorial experiment laid in a completely randomized design with 3 replicates. Each plant was fertigated with 100 ml of liquefied poultry manure weekly and was watered every 3 days till harvest. Data were taken on the number of leaves, plant height, leaf area, days to flowering and fruiting, number of fruits and average fruit weight. Data collected were analyzed using ANOVA and differences in the treatment means were separated using least significant differences at 5% level of significance. Result obtained showed significant differences among genotypes in the growth and yield parameters with Poinset having the highest number of fruits (6.88±0.57) and fruit weight (275.00±17.03), while the substrate effect was not significant.</em></p> <p><strong>JEL Classification Codes: </strong>Q15.</p> Chukwunalu Okolie Ossai Stephanie Clara Akpeji Ifeakachukwu Sunday Alama Fidelis Nduka Emuh Copyright (c) 2022 Chukwunalu Okolie Ossai , Stephanie Clara Akpeji , Ifeakachukwu Sunday Alama , Fidelis Nduka Emuh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-06-15 2022-06-15 6 1 8 11 10.46545/aijas.v6i1.253 PERFORMANCE OF TELFAIRIA OCCIDENTALIS LEAF GROWN IN UREA HYDROPONIC SOLUTION https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/256 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>The study evaluated the performances of Telfairia occidentalis Hooker fil. under varying growth media subject to the amount of Urea granules (25 g, 50 g, 75 g, 100 g, 125 g and 150 g) dissolved in water containing micronutrients. The growth media were M25U, M50U, M75U, M100U, M125U, M150U, and Control. Two-week old seedlings of T. occidentalis raised using River-sand were transferred into the non-circulatory growth media. The growth indices (vine main length (VML), number of leaves (NL), stem girth (SG), petiole length (PL), internode (LI), leaf area (LA), and total leaf area (TLA)) of T. occidentalis were measured weekly. The root length (RL), root fresh weight (RFW), root dry weight (RDW) and pigment components were determined 5 weeks after planting following standard procedures. Across the growth media studied, the Control medium had the highest VML, NL, LA, TLA, PL and pigment composition of T. occidentalis. However, among the Urea growth media, M25U medium produced relatively the highest VML, NL, TLA, total chlorophyll, and RFW of T. occidentalis while M50U medium had the highest LA, RL and RDW. Also, T. occidentalis leaves grown in the Control medium had the highest chlorophyll content (33.22 mg/g), followed by M25U medium (22.88 mg/g) and was significantly different from the other growth media.M100U medium effectively enhanced carotenoids content (6.49 mg/g) of T. occidentalis compared to others. The study showed that the mineral composition of the growth media enhanced the performance of T. occidentalis. Hence, M25U growth media are recommended for growing T. occidentalis.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>JEL Classification Codes: </strong>O13.</p> Love Akaja Akonye Kalu Okonwu Josephine Udunma Agogbua Copyright (c) 2022 Love Akaja Akonye , Kalu Okonwu , Josephine Udunma Agogbua https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-09-03 2022-09-03 6 1 12 19 10.46545/aijas.v6i1.256 DETERMINANTS OF OUTPUT OF CASSAVA (MANIHOT SPECIES) PRODUCTION IN ABUJA, NIGERIA https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/264 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>This research study focused on determinants of the output of cassava (Manihot species) production in Abuja, Nigeria. Multi-stage method of sampling was used. One hundred (100) cassava farmers were sampled and selected. Primary data were obtained through the use of a well-designed and also well-structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using econometrics and statistical tools. The results show that 87% of cassava producers were between 31 to 50 years of age. About 72% had formal education and were literate. Averagely, they had 4.76 hectares of cassava farmland. The estimated gross margin (GM) and net farm income (NFI) of cassava production per hectare were 1,464, 162.72 Naira and 1, 453, 752.49 Naira respectively. This implies that cassava production was profitable and worthwhile. Farm size</em><em> and fertilizer input </em><em>were statistically significant factors influencing the output of cassava production</em><em>. Age</em><em>, labour input</em><em>, and cassava cuttings</em><em> were statistically significant factors influencing the output of cassava production</em><em>. While chemical input </em><em>statistically and significantly influenced the output of cassava production</em><em>. The constraints facing cassava producers were the unavailability of improved cassava cuttings, the high cost of farm inputs, insecurity, inadequate extension services, and inadequate finances. The research study recommends that improved cassava cuttings should be made available to farmers for increased productivity. Extension officers should be employed to disseminate innovations, research findings, and new farm technologies to cassava farmers. Credit or loan facilities should be made available to cassava producers at low-interest rates.</em></p> <p><strong>JEL Classification Codes: </strong>Q1, Q3, Q5.</p> Olugbenga Omotayo Alabi Godbless Friday Safugha Copyright (c) 2022 Olugbenga Omotayo Alabi , Godbless Friday Safugha https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-10-23 2022-10-23 6 1 20 25 10.46545/aijas.v6i1.264 PRODUCTION OF WATERLEAF IN A SOIL AND SOILLESS SYSTEMS USING SINGLE AND DOUBLE NODE CUTTINGS https://www.acseusa.org/journal/index.php/aijas/article/view/265 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>The general acceptability of waterleaf and its profitability as a vegetable has promoted its high demand in Nigeria. However, rural farmers depend on conventional farming systems for production with a low output. This calls for an alternative technique besides the conventional method to boost production and meet market demand. This study, therefore, evaluated the yield response of waterleaf cuttings to soil and soilless systems. Single and double nodal cuttings were cut from one-month-old waterleaf plants and planted in 4 kg cocopeat substrate and topsoil each, mixed with 250 g poultry manure each and arranged in a 2 (level of nodal cuttings) by 2 (substrate) factorial experiment laid in a completely randomized design with three replicates in 2 cycles. The plants were watered every other day. At harvest, data were collected on the Root Weight (RW), Shoot Weight (SW), and Leaf Weight (LW). Data collected were analyzed using ANOVA and differences in means were separated using least significance differences at 5% significance level. The substrate type was insignificant in the growth and yield parameters. However, the RW, SW and LW differed significantly between the nodal cuttings and ranged from 9.1±2.8 g to 21.2±2.8 g, 12.0±4.5 g to 27.0±4.5 g and 10.7±3.1 g to 21.9±3.1 g, respectively in the first cycle. The RW, SW and LW, also ranged from 10.1±1.8 g to 20.5±1.8 g, 12.7±3.0 g to 24.8±3.0 g, and 11.7±3.0 g to 23.7±3.0 g in the second cycle of production.</em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>&nbsp;JEL Classification Codes: </strong>Q16.</p> Chukwunalu Okolie Ossai Ayinde Mudashir Morakinyo Oyeyemi Azeez Stephanie Clara Akpeji Copyright (c) 2022 Chukwunalu Okolie Ossai , Ayinde Mudashir Morakinyo , Oyeyemi Azeez , Stephanie Clara Akpeji https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-10-29 2022-10-29 6 1 26 30 10.46545/aijas.v6i1.265