Main Article Content

C. O. Ossai
S. A. Ojobor
S. C. Akpeji
O. E. Oroghe
S. Ogbole


Watermelon is an important vegetable consumed worldwide. It is mostly grown in a sandy loam soil with a pH value ranging from 6.5 to 7.5. However, due to the constraints in land accessibility coupled to the farmers-herders clashes for limited land resources in Nigeria, it is important to shift the focus from land extensification to intensification farming. This study therefore compares the potential of hydroponics system of cultivating watermelon relative to conventional soil farming system. Three varieties of water melon (Diamond black, Crimson sweet and Travelers watermelon varieties) were planted in 2 substrate conditions (soil and cocopeat) 4 kg each. It was a 3x2 factorial experiment arranged in a completely randomized design with 3 replicates. Data were collected on the agronomic and yield parameters, and analysed using ANOVA, and means were separated using LSD at 5% level of significance. Results obtained showed varied agronomic performances among the genotypes, while the Crimson sweet watermelon produced significantly heavier fruit size (5.38±0.34) compared to the rest genotype. However, the highest number of fruits (2.33±0.22) was obtained in the soil, but the substrate type was insignificant in the average fruit weight. Hence, the hydroponics system is recommended as a complementary alternative to soil farming.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

How to Cite
Ossai, C. O. ., Ojobor, S. A., Akpeji, S. C., Oroghe, O. E., & Ogbole, S. (2021). HYDROPONICS SYSTEM AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO SOIL FARMING OF WATERMELON IN NIGERIA. American International Journal of Agricultural Studies, 5(1), 16–21. https://doi.org/10.46545/aijas.v5i1.200
Author Biographies

C. O. Ossai, YIIFSWA Project International Institute of Tropical Agriculture

Research Supervisor

YIIFSWA Project International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria

S. A. Ojobor, Delta State University

Senior Lecturer

Department of Agronomy, Delta State University, Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria

S. C. Akpeji, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Graduate Student

Microbiology Department, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

O. E. Oroghe, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Graduate Student

Crop Protection and Environmental Biology Department, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

S. Ogbole, Federal University of Agriculture, Nigeria

Graduate Student

Biochemistry Department, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria


Adediran, J. A., & Banjoko, V. A. (2003). Comparative effectiveness of some compost formulation for maize in Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science, 13, 42-48.

Egharevba, R. K. A., & Ogbe, F. M. (2002). The effects of different levels of organic and mineral fertilizers on the yield performance of two Amaranthus (A. cruentus) cultivars. The Plant Scientists, 3, 62-72.

Hoang, M. (2020). Effects of growing substrates and seed density on yield and quality of radish (Raphanus sativus) microgreens. Research on Crops, 21, 579-586.

Kumar, R., Dia, M., & Wehner, T. C. (2013). Implications of mating behavior in watermelon breeding. Hort Sci, 48(8), 960-964.

Law-Ogbomo, K., & Ajayi, S. (2009). Growth and Yield Performance of Amaranthus cruentus Influenced by Planting Density and Poultry Manure Application. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 37(2), 195-199.

Naz, A., Butt, M. S., Pasha, I., & Nawaz, H. (2013). Antioxidant Indices of Watermelon Juice and Lycopene Extract. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12(3), 255-260.

Ossai, C. O., Ogbole, S., Balogun, M. O., & Akpeji, S. C. (2020). Production of Radish (Raphanus sativus L.) in Nigeria Using the Hydroponics System. Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Studies, 1(2), 6-9.

Peter, O. J. (2018). Herdsmen/farmers conflict and its effects on socio-economic development in Nigeria. Journal of peace, security and development, 4(1), 143-158.

Reetu, D., & Tomar, M. (2018). Watermelon: A Valuable Horticultural Crop with Nutritional Benefits. pp5.

Richards, R. (2000). Selectable traits to increase crop photosynthesis and yield of grain crops. Journal of experimental botany, 51, 447-458.

Ufoegbune, G. C., Fadipe, O. A., Bello, N. J., Eruola, A. O., Makinde, A. A., & Amori, A. A. (2014). Growth and Development of Watermelon in Response to Seasonal Variation of Rainfall. ADRRI Journal (Multidisciplinary), 10(10).